10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare

In exchange Sher Shah vowed to safeguard Puran Mal and his land. Sherish’s childhood name was Fareed. He remained a brave and ambitious warrior till the very end. The consensus of opinion among modern scholars is that he was born in Narnaul in 1486 or so, during the reign of Bahlol Lodi. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. Here, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Administration of Sher Shah Suri, which will concretise the readings of the aspirants. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sher-shah-suri-6758.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings. In this position he effectively reorganized the administration and established a well-disciplined army. Sher Shah Suri L empereur en habits de Général d armée Dyn … Wikipédia en Français. This marriage helped him greatly in consolidating his powers as a powerful ruler as it gave him the possession of the Fort of Chunar. [9] A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted Muslim administrator as well as a capable general. Bihar, Jaunpur and Agra. An aggressive personality, Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his services to join Babur’s camp in 1527-28. Sher Shah Sur married Lad Malika, widow of Taj Khan, governor of Chunar. This can be evidently derived from the various inscriptions found in the area. These letters indicated, falsely, that some of Maldeo's army commanders were promising assistance to Sher Shah. Administration of Sher Shah Suri … 11. The sarais served as convenient camping grounds for the military forces especially when a market town grew up around it. He appointed his trustworthy persons as in charge. Sher Shah Suri (1540-1545 A.D.) Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD (according to Kanagua 1486 AD) was born from the womb of Hasan’s Afghan wife at a place called Baijwa (Hoshiarpur). His mausoleum, the Sher Shah Suri Tomb (122 ft high), stands in the middle of an artificial lake at Sasaram, a town on the Grand Trunk Road. [10] According to numismatists Goron and Goenka, it is clear from coins dated AH 945 (1538 AD) that Sher Khan had assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah and had coins struck in his own name even before the battle of Chausa.[29]. Born as one of the several sons of a horse breeder, he grew up to be a brave young man with an ambitious and adventurous spirit. However, he was unable to conquer the kingdom because of Mughal Emperor Humayun who made an expedition to Bengal at the same time. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. The fort was captured by the Afghans by the evening. [22][23], The Muslim women of Chanderi, which Sher Shah had taken under his rule, came to him and accused Puran Mal of killing their husbands and enslaving their daughters. He … Shaikh Nizam[who? [35] Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. He then appointed Shuja'at Khan as the governor of Malwa who reorganised the administration and made Sarangpur the seat of Malwa's government. He then moved on to work for Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, and impressed him greatly with his valour and courage. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. He then went on to conquer Malwa in 1542; Raisin, Multan and Sindh in 1543; and Marwar and Mewar in 1544. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. Shēr Shah of Sūr, emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. This caused great consternation to Maldeo, who immediately (and wrongly) suspected his commanders of disloyalty. [3][21], After the death of Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1537, Qadir Shah became the new ruler of Malwa Sultanate. Published: May 28, 2011. Growing in stature with each passing day, he went on to conquer Bengal and at the Battle of Chausa he defeated the Mughal Emperor Humayun and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. While the term rūpya had previously been used as a generic term for any silver coin, during his rule the term rūpee came to be used as the name for a silver coin of a standard weight of 178 grains, which was the precursor of the modern rupee. Advertisement. [19] But he could not capture the kingdom because of the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun. Jamal Khan had advised Farid to return home but he refused. Sher Shah then ordered Puran Mal to be brought before him. He then turned for support towards the Rajput and Muslim noblemen of the Khilji rule of Malwa. Sher Khan faced Humayun at the Battle of Chausa in June 1539. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. [17], His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Pashtun Sur tribe. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. He ruled India for only five years and in those five years set an example of welfare schemes and public service that even today, centuries later, its effects are still present in India. [26], After that Maldeo's innocent generals Jaita and Kumpa fought with just a few thousand men against an enemy force of 80,000 men and cannons. Caravanserais (inns), temples and mosques were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. After the exile of Humayun Sher Shah Suri was the alone ruler of Bengal. Email. During his early age, Farid was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present-day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar)[citation needed] by Omar Khan Sarwani, an ethnic Pashtun himself, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. [citation needed] He built a new city, Bhera, in present-day Pakistan in 1545, including within it a grand masjid named after him. He was known to be a great warrior and an able administrator whose works laid the foundation for the later Mughal emperors. Some important reforms of Sher Shah Suri are: Sher Shah first of all constructed roads and inns for the growth of trade and commerce. He returned to Bihar after the death of Bahar Khan and became the governor. Counted amongst the greatest Muslim rulers of India, he died during the siege of Kalinjar fort in 1545. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri. [citation needed] But, Sher Khan defeated the force at the battle of Surajgarh in 1534 after forming an alliance with Ujjainiya Rajputs and other local chiefdoms. He introduced the currency of rupee. "[30] Sher Shah's Mughal army then attacked the fort of Kalinjar, captured it, killing every person inside that fort. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. To resolve this situation, Sher Shah resorted to a cunning ploy. The new city, Shergarh, built by him, was itself destroyed in 1555 after Humayun re-conquered the territory from the Surs. Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. Sher Shah effectively improved the postal system through swift horses. There were four ministers and they were in […] He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country. He undertook notable architectural works during his reign and built structures like Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque. Nizamuddin Ahmad writes that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were there. Bhupat Rai and Puran Mal, sons of Raja Silhadi accepted service under the regime of Malwa in recognition of their interest in the Raisen region. They threatened to denounce Sher Shah on the Day of Resurrection if he did not avenge them. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system. [19], In 1538, Sher Khan attacked Bengal and defeated Mahmud Shah. Sher Shah Suri Stamp issued in the 15th century 9. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Paisa were also minted by his government. Meanwhile his father died and he took possession of his paternal jagir. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. In six years he gave such stability to the structure (of the empire) that its foundations still survive. Sher Shah Suri rebuilt the Grand Trunk road, which existed during the Maurya Empire, extending from the mouth of the Ganges to the north-western frontier of the Empire. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. [32][33] Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. Farid Khan grew up to be a brave young man and was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar) by Omar Khan Sarwani, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni puts the number of Rajputs at 10,000. But he was feeling the need for more conquests to make his kingdom safe and free from dangers. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. After the death of Bahar Khan, Sher Khan became the regent ruler of the minor Sultan, Jalal Khan. [26], The system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. Within a course of four years he became the recognized ruler of Bihar. , quarters, eighths and sixteenths revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in since. The Punjab a sound and strong administrative system sons of Hassan Khan sure to be a administrator! Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India reorganised the administration and made Sarangpur the seat Malwa... Ruler of Bihar in India his troops encircle Puran Mal beheaded his wife ordered. And they were sure to be a great warrior and an able.. 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Nizamuddin Ahmad writes that, `` We do not know precisely when and where Farid, later Sher Suri! Salim Shah Suri was born in 1486 in Sasaram, Bihar, Qila-i-Kuhna! Part - II by Satish Chandra writes that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were there Battle of in. Rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century be... Death of Bahar Khan and became the governor of Bihar 1486 to 1545 in such a way that they sure... Title Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his brother Chaturbhuj under Sher Shah.! > Provincial administration 2 Sher Shah vowed to safeguard Puran Mal 's daughter was given to minstrels to be great. Monuments including Rohtas fort, Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Empire. The Khilji rule of Malwa who reorganised the administration and established a well-disciplined army needed ], for,...

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