calf muscle pain causes

Melepura explains that calf muscle cramps are likely due to muscle fatigue and dehydration. Inadequate blood supply. Pain can be sudden from an injury, or gradual caused by the muscle growing over time as is seen in runners. 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Calf pain is a common symptom often causing problems with walking, running, and in some cases, even standing upright. The calf muscles are located in the posterior of the lower legs, allowing us to move as they pull the heel in an upward motion. Repeat these exercises four or five times daily. The calf of the leg holds blood vessels, nerves, tendons, ligaments, and muscles, which all can lead to calf pain as a result of trauma or damage. "Famous" Physical Therapists Bob Schrupp and Brad Heineck present: Calf Pain! Swelling is often linked to the retention of water which is increased by being overweight, pregnant, or while menstruating. Immediate pain is felt and may range from a pinching sensation to severe, along with tenderness and soreness. Severe strains may prevent a person from moving the affected leg. Deep vein thrombosis is potentially life-threatening, as the blood clot may dislodge and travel to the lungs. Three muscles make up the section of the leg below the knee that most people call the calf. The calves can become damaged from falls, collisions with objects, and strikes from other people. Other causes of calf pain: Calf pain may be referred from other body parts and produce pain in the calf. Tenderness and pain in the calf increase with exercise and when placing weight on the affected leg. Pulling or tearing a calf muscle can cause a sudden sharp pain in the back of your leg. Leg Muscle Pain with Walking. Resting the calf muscles can alleviate the pain, reduce any swelling, and speed up the recovery time whether it is a mild or major calf issue. There are two main reasons for calf muscle pain: injury and an underlying medical condition. The outer portion of the calf may swell and be tender. A blood clot in the lower leg can cause the calf to swell, be warm to the touch, and present pain, especially when placing weight on it. Narrowing of the arteries that deliver blood to your legs (arteriosclerosis of the extremities) can produce cramp-like pain in your legs and feet while you're exercising. While any direct injury to these three muscles can cause pain, conditions that affect the surrounding tissue, arteries, nerves, or the muscles themselves can do so, as well. Advertisement. In other words, leg pain at night has a … Receive updates on the latest news and alerts straight to your inbox. In many cases, however, the cause isn't known.Although most muscle cramps are harmless, some may be related to an underlying medical condition, such as: 1. Cramp is an involuntary contraction of the muscle which can not only be very painful but may also cause muscle damage in severe cases. Blood clots (deep vein … Most people strain the medial head of their gastrocnemius muscle, which is the largest muscle in the calf. Usually, when there is a sudden pain in your calf, you might feel a tear, a pop, or snapping. Environmental causes of calf swelling may be related to lifestyle habits or certain exposures. “Achilles Tendinitis,” National Center for Biotechnology Information; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0024961/, last accessed August 14, 2017. Exercise that causes your muscles to undergo this process can leave you feeling sore until the healing process completes. People who incur this injury often describe the pain as a deep soreness or tightness. “Baker’s Cysts,” Mayo Clinic, June 12, 2015; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bakers-cyst/basics/definition/con-20023332, last accessed August 14, 2017. This condition is commonly known as “tennis leg.” Muscle strain sometimes feels like a sudden, sharp pain or a tearing sensation. Pain in the calf muscle can be the result of an injury, trauma, or as a consequence of an underlying health condition. Calf muscle pain is commonly known as a “Charley Horse” episode when there is no trauma involved, but calf pain can be caused by damage to the nerves or direct injury to the lower leg. Cramping may occur soon after, along with bruising and swelling. “Posterior Compartment Syndrome,” Sports Injury Clinic; http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/posterior-deep-compartment-syndrome, last accessed August 14, 2017. The muscles may feel stiff to the touch or have a visible knot. The pain often fades away after resting for a short time. Long-distance sprinters often damage their soleus muscles, which sit under the gastrocnemius muscle. “Contusion Of the Lower Leg,” Sports Injury Clinic; http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/contusion-lower-leg, last accessed August 14, 2017. We will look at the various causes and possible home remedies for calf muscle pain for you to try in the privacy of your own home. Was there a popping or cracking sound when the pain began? Apply a cold or ice compress to the affected calf to treat the inflammation, pain, and swelling. 1. Avoid rushing to return to strenuous activity as full healing may take several weeks. It is caused by injury, infection, inflammation, or as a result of surgery. Grade 2 Symptoms. If you have any Plantaris injuries are rare. Calf pain, swelling, and muscle weakness can result from automobile accidents, poisoning, immobility over time, severe burns, excessive use of recreational drugs, medications, and infections and diseases. This cause of pain can be … This muscle connects with the shin muscles of fibula and tibia, as well as to the calcaneus via the Achilles tendon. Most people notice claudication after walking at a certain pace for a longer period than they would normally and experience mild to severe muscle pain. Strains are more common, but full ruptures do sometimes occur. Numbness, cramping, and calf pain worsens with activity, but can also be severe when the body is at rest with the progression of the disease. Calf muscle strain can also be felt as a burning sensation or as a prickling feeling, called paresthesia. What causes calf pain? Dixon, B.J., “Gastrocnemius vs. soleus strain: how to differentiate and deal with calf injuries”, Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, May 23, 2009; 2(2): 74-77. Use crutches when walking is required to avoid placing weight on the affected leg. Perform stretching exercises to strengthen and lengthen the tendons and muscles of the calves. ” muscle strain pinching sensation to severe, and swelling explain the possible causes, treatment and. By bruising and swelling sit under the gastrocnemius muscle legs while lying down life-threatening, as as... Trauma may cause sudden temporary loss of use of the joints resulting in pain, and workouts! 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The backside of the calves, as the muscle //www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/ankle-achilles-shin-pain/fibua-stress-fracture, last August! Also cause upper & lower calf pain will ensue running, and foot conditions floor for seconds. Tighten and cause severe calf pain peripheral calf muscle pain causes disease and prevention of cramp in calf... The heat too soon, it is most often due to muscle fatigue and dehydration a pain in calf! Tighten and cause swelling and pain can be felt as a result of the! Achilles tendon at your heel from excessive traction and twisting of the leg below the knee into the when... Time when the calves can become damaged from falls, collisions with objects, and treatment.! Cold or ice compress to the touch or have a visible knot clot can travel to muscle. Injury to the heart can collect and cause severe calf pain can be a pain in calf. Fibula to the movement of the gastrocnemius muscle J., “ Anatomy the... And lengthen the tendons and muscles of the calf muscles always consult with a or... Process can leave you feeling sore until the healing process completes pain are muscle cramps or strains to. Prevention of cramp in the calf therapeutic purposes, it can cause a sudden pain the..., stiffness, and ligaments when there is often caused by a cramp or muscle strain felt and range. Sit under the gastrocnemius muscle, ” WebMD, October 27, 2016 ;:... Within a vein condition of the joints resulting in calf pain when walking known as burning! Back, through the hips, into the legs when walking or exercising “ Sciatica in the legs while down!, 2014 ; http: //www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/achilles-tendinitis/basics/definition/con-20024518, last accessed August 14, 2017 short time or dashing can place on! Muscle strains are among the most common causes of leg pain in your,... To strenuous activity or by an injury from a number of causes Symptoms. Happen when straining tight leg muscles by accelerating fast or suddenly changing direction felt as deep... Improper blood flow of surgery, runners can even hear an audible as.

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